The dollar amounts are so staggering, that simply telling you how much money humans have created probably wouldn’t convey the magnitude.
However, by using data visualization in this video, we can relate numbers in the millions, billions, and trillions to create the context to make it more understandable.
Starting With Context
The median U.S. household income of $54,000 is a number that most people can relate to. It’s enough money to save up to buy a car, or maybe even a house depending on where you live.
Multiply that income by eight, and that number is now big enough to count as being in the top 1% of earners. People in the “one percent” make at least $430,000 per year.
Famous celebrities and businesspeople have fortunes that dwarf those of many “one percenters”. Actor George Clooney, for example, has a net worth of $180 million. Meanwhile, author J.K. Rowling is estimated to have a net worth of roughly $1 billion according to Forbes.
Zuckerberg takes things to a whole new level. His net worth is $53 billion, thanks to the value of Facebook stock. Lastly, Bill Gates regularly tops the “richest people” lists with a wealth of $75 billion – though lately that number has been a little higher based on stock fluctuations.
However, even the wealth of the richest human on Earth is not enough to get up to our unit of measurement that we use in the video: each square is equal to $100 billion.
The World’s Money
Some of the world’s biggest companies take up just a few squares with our unit of measurement. ExxonMobil, for example, has a market capitalization of about $350 billion, and the world’s largest public company by market capitalization, Apple, is at about $600 billion.
The total of the world’s physical currency – all coins and bills denominated in dollars, euros, yen, and other currencies – is about $5 trillion.
Meanwhile, if we add checking accounts to the equation, the number of the amount of money in the world goes up to $28.6 trillion according to the CIA World Factbook. This is called “narrow money”.
Add all money market, savings, and time deposits, and the number jumps up to $80.9 trillion – or “broad money”.
But that’s nothing compared to the world of Wall Street.
That’s all impressive, but the derivatives market takes the cake. Derivatives are contracts between parties that derive value from the performance of underlying assets, indices, or entities. On the low end, the notional value of the derivatives market is estimated to be a whopping $630 trillion according to the Bank of International Settlements.
However, that only accounts for OTC (over-the-counter) derivatives and the truth is that no one actually knows the size of the derivatives market. It’s been estimated by some that it could be as high as $1.2 quadrillion, and others estimate it could be even higher.
There are many financial critics who worry about the risk that these contracts pile onto the global financial system. With the sheer size of the derivative market dwarfing all others, it’s understandable why business mogul Warren Buffett has called derivatives “financial weapons of mass destruction”.
About the Money Project
The Money Project aims to use intuitive visualizations to explore ideas around the very concept of money itself. Founded in 2015 by Visual Capitalist and Texas Precious Metals, the Money Project will look at the evolving nature of money, and will try to answer the difficult questions that prevent us from truly understanding the role that money plays in finance, investments, and accumulating wealth.